Indoor Volleyball Rules

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Indoor volleyball is a fast-paced and exciting sport that is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world. Whether playing competitively or recreationally, it is important to understand the rules of the game in order to play it properly and have fun. In this article, we will provide an overview of the rules for playing indoor volleyball.


What is Indoor Volleyball?

Indoor volleyball is a team sport that is played with two teams of six players each. The objective of the game is to win points by hitting a ball over a net and onto the opponent’s side of the court, with the aim of making it touch the floor or forcing the other team to make a mistake and send the ball back over the net. The game is played on a rectangular court with a net in the middle and is divided into two halves by a centerline.


How to Serve in Indoor Volleyball?

The serve is one of the most important skills in volleyball, as it starts every rally. In indoor volleyball, there are two types of serves: the underhand serve and the overhand serve. The underhand serve involves holding the ball in one hand and hitting it with the other hand, while the overhand serve involves tossing the ball into the air and hitting it with an overhand motion.

When serving, the player must stand behind the end line of the court and cannot touch the line or step over it until after the ball has been hit. If the ball touches the net but still lands on the opponent’s side of the court, it is considered a legal serve. If the ball goes out of bounds or into the net, the serve is considered a fault and the point goes to the other team.


What are the Basic Rules of Scoring?

In indoor volleyball, points are scored when the ball hits the floor on the opponent’s side of the court, when the opponent hits the ball out of bounds, or when the opponent commits a fault. A fault occurs when a player touches the net, hits the ball illegally, or commits other violations of the rules.

A game is played to a predetermined number of points, usually 25 or 30, and a team must win by at least two points. If the game is tied at 24-24 or 29-29, the game continues until one team has a two-point lead.


What are the Rules for Playing the Ball?

When playing the ball, a player must use their hands, arms, or any other part of the body to touch the ball. However, the ball cannot be caught, carried, or thrown. It must be hit or sent over the net with one or more touches, and the opposing team has three touches to send the ball back over the net.

If a player touches the ball twice in a row, or if two players from the same team touch the ball simultaneously, it is considered a violation and the point goes to the other team. If the ball goes out of bounds or hits the ceiling, it is also considered a fault.


What are the Rules for Rotation?

Indoor volleyball requires that players rotate positions on the court in a clockwise direction after every point scored. This means that players switch positions, with the front row players moving to the back row and the back row players moving to the front row.

Rotation is important in order to maintain a balanced and effective team, as it ensures that each player has an opportunity to play in different positions and utilize their skills. Failure to rotate properly can result in a penalty and loss of the point.


What are the Rules for Blocking?

Blocking is a defensive technique used to stop the opposing team’s attack. It involves jumping and reaching above the net to block the ball back onto the opponent’s side of the court. However, there are rules that must be followed when blocking.

A player can only block the ball if they are standing close to the net and the ball has crossed over the net from the opponent’s side of the court. They cannot block the ball on the serving team’s side of the net. Additionally, a player cannot touch the ball during the opponent’s attack or after it has been touched by one of their teammates.



In conclusion, indoor volleyball is a thrilling and challenging sport that requires skill, strategy, and teamwork. By understanding the basic rules of the game, players can improve their performance and enjoy the excitement of competitive play. Whether playing recreationally or professionally, indoor volleyball is a sport that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels.

David Campbell

David Campbell

"I live and breath volleyball"

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