Most Important Types Of Hits In Volleyball

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Volleyball is a sport that requires a combination of skill, strategy, and athleticism. One important aspect of the game is the different types of hits that players use to score points and keep the ball in play. These hits include the underhand serve, the overhand serve, the set, the spike, and the block. 


In this article, we will explore the different types of hits in volleyball and how they are used in the game. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced player, understanding the different types of volleyball hits will help you improve your skills and play at a higher level.


The Underhand Serve

The underhand serve is one of the most basic types of serve in volleyball. It is typically used by beginners or players who are just learning the game. To perform an underhand serve, follow these steps:


  • Start by standing behind the back line, with your feet shoulder-width apart.
  • Hold the ball in your non-dominant hand, with your fingers spread wide and your thumb positioned behind the ball.
  • Bend your knees slightly and lean forward, keeping your back straight.
  • Begin the serving motion by raising your arm and bringing the ball up behind your head.
  • As you bring the ball forward, use a quick, snapping motion to hit the ball with your hand.
  • Follow through with your arm, pointing your fingers in the direction of the serve.
  • Keep your eye on the ball as it travels over the net, aiming for a specific spot on the opponent’s side of the court.
  • Return to your starting position, ready to play defense or make your next move.


It is important to practice and perfect your underhand serve to have good control over the ball and also to have good aim while serving.


The Overhand Serve

The overhand serve is one of the most common types of hits in volleyball. It is used to start the game and also to serve during play. Here is how to do it:

  • Start by standing behind the end line, facing the court.
  • Hold the ball with both hands and position it above your head.
  • Step forward with one foot and extend your arms to bring the ball forward and over your head.
  • As you bring the ball forward, bring your non-dominant foot forward and step forward with your dominant foot.
  • As your arms reach the full extension, release the ball with a quick snap of your wrists.
  • Follow through with your arm motion and step forward with your non-dominant foot.
  • As you release the ball, jump forward and land on both feet.
  • Watch the ball as it goes over the net and into the opponent’s court.


It is important to practice your overhand serve regularly to perfect your technique and accuracy. With practice, you will be able to serve with power and consistency.


The Set

The set in volleyball is a specific type of pass that is used to initiate the attack. The set is typically used to set up the attacker for a spike, which is a powerful shot that is used to score points.


Steps for performing a set:


  • Begin in a ready position with your feet shoulder-width apart and your knees slightly bent.
  • Approach the ball with your arms extended and your hands in a “W” shape.
  • Take a small hop as you contact the ball, pushing it upward with your hands.
  • Use your wrists to snap the ball upward, creating a slight spin on the ball.
  • As you release the ball, extend your arms fully and jump to create more power.
  • Land on your feet and prepare to defend or attack as necessary.


The Spike

A spike in volleyball is an offensive move in which a player jumps and hits the ball over the net with the intention of scoring a point or putting the ball in a difficult position for the opposing team to return.


Here are the steps to perform a spike in volleyball:


  • Approach the net by running forward and jumping off of both feet.
  • As you jump, bring your hitting arm back behind your head.
  • As you reach the peak of your jump, extend your arm forward and hit the ball with the palm of your hand.
  • Follow through with your arm after hitting the ball, pointing it in the direction you want the ball to go.
  • Land on both feet and be ready to move to the next play.


The Block

The block in volleyball is a defensive technique used to prevent the opposing team from scoring a point by deflecting or stopping the attacker’s spike or hit. The block is executed by one or more players at the front of the net, who jump and extend their arms above the net to disrupt the attacker’s shot.


Steps to do a block:

  • Position yourself at the front of the net: The blocker should be standing at the net, facing the attacker, and ready to jump.
  • Watch the attacker: Observe the attacker’s approach and anticipate the direction of their shot.
  • Jump and extend your arms: As the attacker hits the ball, jump and extend your arms above the net, forming a barrier with your hands and wrists.
  • Contact the ball with your hands: Attempt to make contact with the ball with your hands, as close to the net as possible.
  • Follow through: After making contact with the ball, continue to follow through with your arms and hands, keeping them extended to maintain control of the ball.
  • Communicate with your teammates: Communicate with your teammates to ensure they are aware of the block and can react accordingly.


It’s important to note that blocking is a team effort, and all players should be aware of where the block is and be ready to defend or attack the ball accordingly.



In conclusion, there are several different types of hits in volleyball that players can use to their advantage. These include the spike, the serve, the set, the dig, and the block. Each hit has its own unique purpose and can be used in different situations on the court. Understanding and mastering these different types of hits can greatly improve a player’s game and increase their chances of success on the court.

David Campbell

David Campbell

"I live and breath volleyball"

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